honest men taught me all I knew.
Their names were What, Why, When, How, Where and Who'
Scheduling, Projects, Programs, Communications, Stakeholders.
used as a dynamic motivational tool, focused on maintaining the
momentum of work on a project the schedule has much to contribute to
the overall success of ‘modern project management’
Project Management grew out of the ideas of Scientific Management, and
the catalyst for the emergence of PMI and other associations was the
rapid spread of scheduling in the 1960s. However, the
of the ‘knowledge worker’ and ‘soft
is challenging the concepts of ‘command and
derived from Scientific Management and embedded in traditional
scheduling practice. Modern business projects are complex and dynamic;
new paradigms are emerging based on complexity theory and social
network theory; and these ideas challenge the traditional role of the
This paper explores these emerging ideas and defines a new role for the
project schedule and the project scheduler within the complex, dynamic,
collaborative environment that defines many modern projects and
programs. The schedule shifts from posing as an ‘accurate
prediction of the future’ (if this was ever possible) to a
dynamic tool used for communication, coordination and motivation of the
project team. The key focuses for effective schedule
in the 21st century and the attributes required of a ‘good
schedule’ and an ‘effective scheduler’
together with the valuable contributions PMI is making through its
standards, the ‘Scheduling Excellence Initiative’
new PMI-Scheduling Professional (PMI-SP) credential.
The practical aspects of establishing an effective and useful schedule
are discussed in our 2015 paper: Establish the Project Schedule.
9 - 11 February 2009
Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia