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PMP Questions from Mosaic


Today's, and this week's questions:

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Saturday:

Compared to cumulative data, current period data is known to be prone to wide fluctuations, what is most common cause of this phenomena?

A. A lag time between when the work is accomplished and when it is reported.

B. Accounting corrections.

C. Re programming changes.

D. The placement of planned or actual costs into the wrong time periods.

Best Answer = A

The normal cause of current period fluctuations is the inevitable lag between accomplishing the work and reporting the work. Different lag periods occur naturally for measuring progress, recording time spent and recording actual expenditures (invoices are frequently only sent 4 to 8 weeks after the work was actually done). Any error in one period tends to be reversed in the next but this enhances fluctuations in current period reporting and stabilises cumulative data. The other three answers will also cause changes (fluctuations) but are (or should be) far less common.

For more on project controls see: https://www.mosaicprojects.com.au/WhitePapers/WP1093_Project_Controls.pdf

Reference: PMBOK® Guide 6th Edition 7.4.2.2

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Friday:

Which of the following may be initiated prior to the development of the project charter?

A. Preliminary study and project management plan.

B. Benefits management plan and business case.

C. Market analysis and detailed cost estimates.

D. Project scope statement and work breakdown structure.

Best Answer = B

Both of the items in each pair need to be able to be done before the project is initiated (ie, the Project Charter is signed). The Project Management Plan, Detailed Cost Estimates and WBS (work breakdown structure) are all part of the project planning process. Whilst a 'preliminary study', market analysis and development of a project scope statements as part of a contract Statement of Works may all be done by a project's client prior to the initiation of a project, the other item in the pair exclude these options (the project also develops it's scope statement as part of the planning processes). That leaves the 'Benefits management plan' and 'Business case' both of which are done by the client (or the business) to justify the project and form part of the inputs to the organisation's Portfolio Management selection processes. Selected projects are then initiated which includes developing the project charter.

For more on developing a business case see: https://www.mosaicprojects.com.au/WhitePapers/WP1018_Business_Case.pdf

Reference: PMBOK® Guide 6th Edition 1.2.6

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Thursday:

You have just finished a weeks intensive work updating the project files, project closure documents and the lessons learned register information. These documents are collectively part of the _____________________________.

A. Configuration management system.

B. Organizational process assets.

C. Work performance information.

D. Enterprize environmental factors.

Best Answer = B

These document are all part of the Organizational Process Assets (OPAs) that are created or updated during project or phase closure. The documents are archived for future reference and many have to be kept to comply with legislation (eg, tax laws). The lessons learned register (historical information) becomes part of the organizations knowledge management system for use on future projects. Configuration management and work performance documentation are used during the project and form parts of the overall project files.

For more on OPAs see: https://www.mosaicprojects.com.au/WhitePapers/WP1026_EEF_OPA.pdf

Reference: PMBOK® Guide 6th Edition 4.7.3.4

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Wednesday:

Your organisation has established an acceptable range of variance from the budget of +5% to -5%. On a monthly basis, a project may have a variance greater than 5% provided it does not happen for two months in a row. What tool should you use to evaluate your projects cost variances over the last two years?

A. Ishikawa diagram.

B. Pareto diagram

C. Control chart.

D. Cost Variance Report.

Best Answer = C

A control chart (or a run chart) plots a variable over time - in this case your projects' cost variance and will show you how stable its performance has been over the last two years. A Pareto diagram helps identify the major causes of failure, and an Ishikawa (or root cause, or cause and effect) diagram helps identify the cause of a specific failure - none of these help assess the performance of your project over time. The data being assessed comes from a cost variance report but you need to compare data from multiple reports to meet the objectives of the question.

Reference: PMBOK® Guide 6th Edition 8.3.2.5

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Tuesday:

A senior member of the project team advises she will be taking mandatory long service leave starting in 3 months time. Which process should the project manager use to approve and manage the necessary changes to various aspects of the project plan?

A. Perform Integrated Change Control.

B. Plan Resource Management.

C. Develop Team.

D. Manage Team.

Best Answer = A

The issue is identified and the changes requested as part of the Manage Team process . However, as with any change request, the changes may affect many different aspects of the project; and the approvals and implementation of the change is managed through the Integrated Change Control process.

Reference: PMBOK® Guide 6th Edition 9.6.3.2

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Monday:

Which of the scope management processes create and update the scope baseline?

A. Collect requirements and Define scope.

B. Define scope and Create WBS.

C. Create WBS and Control scope.

D. Define scope and Control scope.

Best Answer = C

The scope baseline is an output from Create WBS, the baseline includes the Project scope statement (created in Define scope), the WBS and the WBS dictionary. The baseline is updated and any changes requested as part of Control Scope (see 5.6.3).

For more on WBS see: https://www.mosaicprojects.com.au/WhitePapers/WP1011_WBS.pdf

Reference: PMBOK® Guide 6th Edition Ch. 5

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Sunday:

You have been asked to manage the change control processes on a very large project. The project sponsor has prepared a list of expected deliverables from each of the management positions within the project and has asked you to review the list and cross out any deliverable that is not applicable to your role. Which deliverable should you remove from the following list?

A. Approved change requests.

B. Project management plan updates.

C. Project document updates.

D. Organisational process asset updates.

Best Answer = D

Outputs from the integrated change control process include all of the options except Organisational Process Asset Updates (OPAs).

For more on OPAs see: https://www.mosaicprojects.com.au/WhitePapers/WP1026_EEF_OPA.pdf

Reference: PMBOK® Guide 6th Edition 4.6.3

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Why train with Mosaic

Your trainer - Patrick Weaver
Your trainer - Lynda Bourne
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