We Tweet a new question every day: Follow @PMPQuestions
The best documented source of information for improving future performance on other projects is the:
A. Organisational process assets.
B. Issues log.
C. Lessons learned register.
D. Project management plan.
Best Answer = C
The 'lessons learned' register is a key output from your project's Manage Communications process (and represents a key project deliverable). Your project's 'lessons learned' will be incorporated into the organisation's process assets (knowledge management systems) for use on other projects but actually doing the incorporation is typically outside of the scope of your project's work. Items in the project's issues log are likely to be important inputs to developing the lessons learned but this is only one part of the inputs used to develop the lessons learned from your project.
For more on lessons learned see: https://www.mosaicprojects.com.au/WhitePapers/WP1004_Lessons_Learned.pdf
Reference: PMBOK® Guide 6th Edition 10.2.3.3
What is the common name given to a diagram that plots the relationship between two variables to help visually analyse opportunities or problems?
A. Control chart.
B. Pareto diagram.
C. Run chart.
D. Scatter diagram.
Best Answer = D
A scatter diagram plots the relationship between two variables. The correlation may be positive or negative, strong, weak or non-existent. An example of a negative correlation is when the time spent on design is increased, the number of defects decrease. Correlation does not prove causation, you may need a second point of assessment; see: https://mosaicprojects.wordpress.com/2012/01/02/charting-for-effect/
Reference: PMBOK® Guide 6th Edition 188.8.131.52
A team member has been asked to review the steps outlined in the process improvement plan to identify needed improvements in the project delivery methodology. Which technique is most appropriate?
A. Quality audits.
B. Benchmarking and observation.
C. Process analysis.
D. Time and motion study.
Best Answer = C
The Quality Assurance technique described in the question is Process analysis. The key characteristic of a quality audit is it is an independent review. The other options are possible ways of identifying needed improvements but are not the best answer.
For more on process improvement see: https://www.mosaicprojects.com.au/WhitePapers/WP1046_Process_Improvement.pdf
Reference: PMBOK® Guide 6th Edition 184.108.40.206
You have been asked to update the sponsor on the likelihood of your project achieving an important milestone. Which of the following would help you provide this information?
A. Cost performance index (CPI).
B. Schedule performance index (SPI).
C. Estimate to complete (ETC).
D. Estimate at completion (EAC).
Best Answer = B
The SPI is the only measure that would give you an indication of schedule progress, the other three measures are related to cost. However, there are better alternatives not listed - you have to pick the answer from the options provided.
For a details explanation of the Earned Value formulae see: https://www.mosaicprojects.com.au/WhitePapers/WP1081_Earned_Value.pdf
Reference: PMBOK® Guide 6th Edition 220.127.116.11
Following a client initiated change to your project scope, you have revised the schedule, cost and work package assignments and the changes have been agreed. What is your next action?
A. Wait for the additional resources required to complete the work.
B. Update the project management plan.
C. Start work on the changes.
D. Start working on your next change request.
Best Answer = B
Updating the project management plan with the agreed changes is the key step to complete the 'control scope' process. The updated project management plan is the input to the execution of the work. The revised resource requirements should have been resolved as part of the updated and agreed schedule.
For more on Integration Management see: https://mosaicprojects.com.au/PMKI-PBK-010.php
Reference: PMBOK® Guide 6th Edition 18.104.22.168
One of your team has been asked to gather information on the actual start and finish date of activities and the remaining duration of any activities that are still in progress. This work is a part of the projects ________________________ process.
A. Performance Reviews.
B. Earned Value Assessment.
C. Direct and Manage Project Work.
D. Control Schedule.
Best Answer = C
The gathering of progress information (data) is part of the Direct and Manage Project Work. Once gathered, the specific 'work performance data' listed will be used to update the schedule and assessed as part of the performance review technique in the Control Schedule process. And the schedule information will be used to update the Earned Value data (along with other information).
For more on updating the schedule see: https://www.mosaicprojects.com.au/PDF_Papers/P002_MFS_Full.pdf
Reference: PMBOK® Guide 6th Edition 22.214.171.124
The information contained in the project scope statement includes all of the following except:
A. Deferred change requests.
B. The description of the product.
C. Project assumptions.
D. Product acceptance criteria.
Best Answer = A
The project scope statement includes product scope description, product acceptance criteria, project deliverables, exclusions, constraints and assumptions. Any approved change requests should be incorporated into the scope statement, however, deferred change requests are not approved (and may be rejected) - they remain part of the change control documentation until finalised and only the approved changes are incorporated into the project scope.
For more on Scope Management see: https://mosaicprojects.com.au/PMKI-PBK-015.php
Reference: PMBOK® Guide 6th Edition 126.96.36.199